Good oral health is maintained by daily oral hygiene.
As long as the surfaces of the teeth are cleaned frequently, the teeth and gums will stay healthy. The gold standard is brushing. Daily chewing activities can also be effective in maintaining oral health. Daily use of products that have been awarded the VOHC Seal will help to keep your pet’s teeth clean and the gum tissues and bone around the roots healthy. VOHC recommends periodic veterinary examination of the mouth and teeth of your dog or cat. Many pets, particularly middle-aged and older cats and dogs, require periodic professional scaling in addition to on-going plaque control. (source)
Veterinary dentistry is a large portion of the happy, long life of your pet, and educating yourself on what options are available, what you can do yourself, and what is important for both dogs and cats, among all pets and animals you may have, is just part of being a pet owner. (source)
Start an oral care routine.
All dogs benefit from a daily oral care routine. A good first step; take your dog to the vet for a professional dental evaluation and possible cleaning. After the visit, make time for daily brushing and cleaning. Be sure to include a healthy diet.
Remove Food Particles.
If food particles are not removed, they can mix with saliva and bacteria to form plaque. Within a few days, plaque calcifies and hardens into tartar, which provides a home for more plaque buildup. This may result in gingivitis. Gingivitis may develop into a more serious form of periodontal disease called Periodontitis, which is irreversible and can lead to eventual tooth loss. Left untreated, the bacteria associated with periodontal disease may spread to other parts of the body, such as the heart, lungs, and kidneys.
Detailed dental information available on these pages.
Emergency Dentists USA
Doggy Dental Care
American Animal Hospital Association
Dental care guidelines
American Veterinary Dental College
Home care (oral hygiene) for dogs
American Veterinary Medical Foundation
Pet dental care explained